Heat Cramps, Sunburn & Heat Rash

Heat Cramps

Heat cramps typically happen when exercise is combined with excessive sweat. This combination lowers the amount of fluid and salt within the body. These low levels in the muscles result in the cramping. Heat cramps may also be an indication of heat exhaustion. Heat cramps usually appear as muscle soreness or spasms, and typically occur in the abdomen, arms, and legs.

An individual experiencing heat cramps should cease all activity and rest in a cool place. Since heat cramps are caused by the loss of salts and fluids it is important to replenish these with either sports drinks or juice. Also, refrain from any strenuous activity for at least 2 hours after the cramp since further exertion could lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke.


Sunburn occurs when the skin is directly exposed to the sun after an extended period of time without appropriate protection. While the symptoms of sunburn are well-known, such as red, painful, unusually warm areas of skin, it is still important to understand the potential risks of prolonged sun exposure and take appropriate preventative measures. It is also worth noting that sunburn can potentially cause much greater harm than is typically believed. Sunburns can cause blisters which may require medical attention.

To treat sunburn use a cold compress or submerge affected areas into cool water. Moisturizing lotions should also be applied. Also, make sure to protect sunburned areas from repeated exposure. If blisters do form make sure to not break them.

Heat Rash

Heat rash is a form of skin irritation that appears on the skin as a cluster of red pimples or blisters. Heat rashes typically appear in areas that accumulate higher concentrations of sweat like the neck, chest, back, elbow creases, backs of knees, and groin.

The treatment of heat rash is minimal. If someone notices the symptoms they should keep the rash area dry, find a cool, dry environment, and may apply drying powders to help reduce moisture.

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